Pokhara University ( PU ) on Second Semester focuses more on Financial Accounting, Technical Communication, Programming Languages, and Mathematics. In this course, you will get basic knowledge of computer technical terms and business management. Here you will find the latest complete Second Semester Syllabus of Pokhara University and you can also download PDF.
Subjects You Will Study In Second Semester
- Fundamentals of Electrical and Electronics
- Programming Languages
- Financial Accounting-I
- Business and Technical Communication
ELX 133.3 Fundamentals of Electrical and Electronics (3-0-3)
After completion of this course students will be able to:
Analyze electric circuits, Gain familiarity with semiconductor devices, Introduction semiconductor logic.
Unit I: Electric Circuit Elements 2 Hours
Resistors, Inductors, Capacitors, Voltage and Current Sources.
Unit II: DC Circuits 7 Hours
Ohm’s Law, Series, and parallel circuits, Power and energy, Kirchhoffs voltage and current laws, Loop and nodal equations Maximum power transfer theorem, Thevenin’s and Norton’s equivalent circuits.
Unit III: Single-Phase AC circuits 7 Hours
Sinusoidal waveform, Resistors, inductors, and capacitors with sinusoidal excitation, Phasor representation of AC quantities, Concept of complex impedance and admittance, Average and effective values of voltages and currents, Power in AC: instantaneous power, average power, real power, apparent power, power factor.
Unit IV: Semi-conducting Materials 5 Hours
Energy band structures of conductors, insulators and semiconductors, Fermi level and energy gap, Conduction principle in semiconductors, electrons and holes, Donor and acceptor impurities n-and p-type semiconductors.
Unit V: The P-n Junction diode 7 Hours
Formation of the space-charge region in a p-n junction, Energy band structure and barrier potential, The p-n junction under forwarding bias and reverse bias, Characteristic curve, diode load line, Application of diode (logic gates: AND, OR, NOT and rectifiers: half and full wave) Zener diode, characteristics and applications
Unit VI: Bipolar Junction Transistor 7 Hours
Transistor types: PNP and NPN transistors, the principle of operation, and parameter and their relationships. Transistor configurations: common base, common emitter, and common collector, amplification, input and output impedances Biasing, Dc and Ac load lines, operating point, Application of BJT(Resistor Transistor logic gates: AND, OR )
Unit VII: Junction Field-Effect Transistor 4 Hours
Construction, types, and the principle of operation, JEET quadratic characteristics, Biasing and load line.
Unit VII: Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor 4 Hours
Construction, n-MOS and p-MOS, the principle of operation, Depletion and Enhancement type MOSFETs, quadratic characteristics.
Unit VIII: The Operational Amplifier 5 Hours
The ideal operational amplifier and its characteristics, Inverting and non-inverting amplifiers, Summing amplifier, Integrating and differentiating amplifiers.
1. Verification of Kirchhoff’s voltage and current laws
2. Verification of maximum power transfer theorem
3. Measurement of active, reactive, and apparent powers in a single-phase ac circuit
4. Characteristics of different diodes: silicon diode, germanium diode, Zener diode
5. To verify Logic gates using diodes and resistors.
6. To rectify ac signals using one and two diodes.
7. Input and output characteristics of a common –emitter transistor
8. Output and transfer characteristics of a common-source JFET
9. Output and transfer characteristic of a common-source MOSFET
10. Inverting and non-inverting operational amplifier circuits
- Sedra and Smith: Microelectronic Circuits
- Shaum Series: Electronic Circuit
- BL Thereja: A Textbook of Electrical Technology Vol- I
- J. B. Gupta: Electronic Device and Circuits
CMP 121.3 Programming Languages (3-0-3)
- To develop various problem-solving strategies.
- Implementing various programming techniques using C.
- To make a foundation in programming languages.
Unit I: Introduction 3 hours
Flow chart and algorithms, History of C, Characteristics of C, and Structure of C Program
Unit II: Variable and data types 7 hours
Constant and variables, Variable declaration, Variable Types, Simple input/output function, and Operators.
Unit III: Loops and Decisions 8 hours
Introduction, For Loop, While Loop, Do While Loop, Nested Loop, Case, break and continue, statements, The if, if-else, else-if and switch statements.
Unit IV: Functions 6 hours
Introduction, Returning a value from a function, Sending a value to a function, Arguments, External variables, Preprocessor directives, C libraries, Macros, Header files, and prototyping.
Unit V: Arrays and Strings 10 hours
Introduction to Arrays, Initializing Arrays, Multidimensional Arrays, String, and Functions related to the strings.
Unit VI: Pointers 4 hours
Pointers definition, Pointers, and Arrays, Returning multiple values from functions using pointers, Pointer Arithmetic, Pointer and Strings, Double Indirection and Pointer to Arrays.
Unit VII: Structure and Unions 4 hours
Definition of Structure, Nested type Structure, Arrays of Structure, Structure and Pointers, Linked Lists Union and application of it.
Unit VIII: File I/O 4 hours
Stream, Text Stream, Binary Stream, File Pointer, Open File, File Open Mode, Closing File, fgets, fputs, fread, fwrite, Random Access I/O (fseek) and fprintf/fscanf.
Unit IX: Developing a Project 2 hours
Project definition and functional specifications, Top-Down Analysis, Decomposition of Projects in different modules and inter-module relationship, Data flow diagrams, Translation of Different modules in codes.
Laboratory work at an initial stage will emphasize on the verification of programming concepts learned in class and uses of loops, functions pointers structures, and unions. The final project of 10 hours will be assigned to the students to put together most of the programming concepts developed in earlier exercises.
1. S.k. Srivastava and Deepali Srivastava: C in Depth
2. Kely and Pohl: A book on C
3. Wait, Mitchell, Steven Prata and Donald Martin: C primer Plus
4. Yeswant Kanetkar: Let us C
ACC 101.3 Financial Accounting-I (3-0-0)
1. It provides basic concepts in financial accounting.
2. It gives the knowledge to prepare financial statements.
3. It helps to collect various information systems.
Unit I: Introduction 4 hours
Concept of accounting, forms of business organization and nature of the business activity; users of accounting information and their needs; fields of accounting; financial statements: the tools for communication; generally accepted accounting principles; qualitative characteristic of accounting information; objectives of financial statements; the accounting profession.
Unit II: Recording, Handling and Summarizing the Accounting Information 9 hours
Role of source documents, Recording of transaction and events, the accounting equation; the double-entry system; analysis of transaction; rules of debits and credits for assets, expenses, liabilities, capital, and income; cash accrual and hybrid system of accounting; journal-general and special including cash and bank books; the role of vouchers, T-accounts; trial balance; concepts of the annual report and financial statements.
Unit III: Income Statement 4 hours
Concepts of income statement; major components of income statements: revenues, cost of sales, gross margin, administrative expenses, selling and distribution expenses, gains and losses, net income, and retained earnings; formats of income statements; retained earning statements, preparation of income statement (Vertical multi-step format).
Unit IV: Balance Sheet 4 hours
Concepts of the balance sheet; major components of the balance sheet: assets, liabilities and stockholder’s equity; preparation of balances sheet (vertical, classified format).
Unit V: Work Sheet 8 hours
Accrual and adjusting entries; T-accounts, opening, and closing entries; preparation of income statement and Balance sheet with adjustments using a worksheet.
Unit VI: Statement of Cash Flows 8 hours
Cash flows and accrual accounting; purpose of the statement of cash flows; operating, investing, and financing activities; formats of a statement of cash flows; preparation of cash flow statement (vertical format).
Unit VII: Annual Report 2 hours
Meaning and components of an annual report.
Unit VIII: Accounting Information System and the Use of Computers in Accounting 9 hours
Accounting information system in modern business organizations; the role of computers in accounting; recording transactions, extracting ledger, trial balance and presenting the financial statements received from the accounting package; using computerized accounting software; retrieving various reports from the system.
1. Porter, Gary A. Norton, Curtis L., Financial Accounting: The Impact on Decision Makers, The Dryden Press, USA.
Reference Books Of BCA Second Semester Pokhara University
- R. Narayanswamy, Financial Accounting: A Managerial Perspective, Prentice Hall of India.
- Accounting Package
- Sharma, Narendra, Acharya, C: Financial Accounting, Budha Academic Centre
- Koirala, Goet, Bhandari Sharma, Adhikari, Neupane, Upreti : Financial Accountancy I, Asmita Publication
MTH 000.3 Mathematics-II (3-0-0)
1. It provides a basic mathematical idea to develop various computer information systems.
2. It gives various mathematical tools for the computer system.
Unit I: Fundamental integrals 12 hours
Introduction, Indefinite integrals, Techniques of Integration, Integration by substitution, Integration by parts, integration by partial fractions, Definite Integrals, Improper integrals, Beta & Gamma function. Double integral (Concept only).
Unit II: Application of integration 7 hours
Introduction, Rectification, Quadrature, Area under a curve, Area between the curves, Numerical, Integration, Rectangular rule, Trapezoidal rule, Simpson’s rule, Volume, Surface Area. B. Consumer’s surplus & Producer’s surplus.
Unit III: Vector Space 5 hours
Introduction, Vector space and subspaces with examples, Linear combination of vectors, Linear, Dependence, and independence of vectors, Basis, and the dimension of vector space.
Unit IV: Function of complex variables. 8 hours
Introduction, Complex variable, the function of complex variables, Analytic function, Necessary & sufficient conditions for f (z) to be analytic (without proof), Harmonic function, Conformal mappings.
Unit V: Fourier series and Integrals 11 hours
Introduction, Periodic function and trigonometric series, Fourier series, Fourier sine and cosine series Fourier series in complex form, Fourier integral, Fourier Sine and Cosine integrals, Fourier Sine and Cosine transforms.
Unit VI: Taylor series 5 hours
Introduction, Geometric series, Convergence of the geometric series, Taylor series, Taylor series of a function of one or two variables.
- Advance Engineering Mathematics, By Erwin Kreyszig, 8th edition.
- Calculus and Analytical Geometry, By Thomas and Finney
- Applied Mathematics, By R . K. Thukurathi and Dr. K.K Shrestha
- Engineering Mathematics IV, By Toya Narayan Paudel, Sukunda Pustak Bhawan, Kathmandu Nepal. Differential Equation:
- By Agnew R.P.; New York, Mc Graw Hill Book Company 1960
- Introduction to Mathematical Physics:
- By Charlie Happer; prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd
- Text Book on Algebra & Theory of Equations: By Chandrika Prasad; Pothishala Pvt. Ltd
Business and Technical Communication (3-0-0)
The main objectives of this course are:-
- To develop the ability to deliver technical knowledge orally in English.
- To be able to comprehend and take notes after listening and reading.
- To fasten reading skills in technical and non-technical reading materials.
- To develop summarizing skills in writings.
- To impart the knowledge of effective written and oral communication skills for handling business operations.
Unit I: Review of English Grammar 6 hours
Unit II: Fundamentals of Business Writing 3 hours
Clause and its types; Sentence structure, sentence types (simple, compound and complex); transformation of sentences; Voice (Active and Passive); Variety levels of English: formal, informal, polite, familiar, impolite, spoken and written.
Adaptation and Selection of Words (Importance of Adaptation, suggestions for selecting words and suggestions for non- discriminatory writing), Construction of clear sentences and paragraphs
Unit III: Business Correspondence 9 hours
Situations requiring directness (Direct inquiries, Favorable Responses, Adjustments grants, Order acknowledgments, Claims, Personal evaluation, Order letters)
Indirect Situations: (Refused request, Adjustment, and refusals, Credit refusals, Vague, and backorder.) Persuasive Request and Collections: (Persuasive Requests, Collection letters).
Unit IV: Technical Writing Skills 12 hours
Preparation of short memoranda (Importance- formats);
Job Application and Bio-data; Description writing (Process, Mechanism, and Place, etc.); Seminars papers (Conduction of seminar, Writing Seminar Paper, Preparation of circular), Preparation of reports (Types: short, long letter, memo-reports); Writing Proposals (Grant, Research, Project Proposals); Conduct of Meeting (Agenda, Notification, Minute Preparation); Documentation (APA Format: Citing Author/s, Book/s, Journal, Newspaper, Magazine, and Websites).
Unit V: Oral Communication 6 hours
Technical talks Suggested Topics: Environmental pollution, construction, water resources, the impact of computers in modern society, the impact of satellite communication, urban development); Interview (Effective Techniques, How to prepare, Body Language, What to expect? Dos and Don’ts
Unit VI: Technology-Enabled Communication 3 hours
Using technology in communication tasks, Tools for presenting messages, Tools for transmitting messages, Tools for collaboration, A look to the future.
Unit VII: Reading skills 6 hours
Comprehension question and exercise ( from prescribed passages- Freedom (G. B. Shaw ), Knowledge and Wisdom ( Bertrand Russel ), The Story of an Hour (Kate Chopin), Why Go to University? ( Moti Nissani ), Beauty ( Susan Sontag )
Note Taking and Summary/ Precis Writing ( from any passages containing 250-350 words ).
Unit VII: Practical Works: 3 hours
- To present a seminar paper,
- To participate in a group discussion,
- To conduct a meeting
- To prepare and practice to face an interview
- Andrea J, Rutherford. Basic Communication Skills for Technology. 2nd Edition. Pearson Education Asia (LPE) ISBN8178082810.
- Lesikar, Raymond V. & et al: Business Communication, TATA McGraw Hill Education Pvt. Ltd.
- Anne Eisenberg, Effective Technical Communication, Mc- Graw Hill 1982
- Houp and T. E. Pearsall, Reporting Technical Information, Allyn and Bacon, Boston.
- V. R.Narayanaswami, Strengthen your Writing, Orient Longman, Madras.
- Champa Tickoo and Jaya Sasikumar, Writing with a Purpose Oxford University Press, Bombay.
- Khanal, Arjun. Communication Skills in English, Sukunda Pustak Bhawan, Kathmandu 2010
PRJ 141.1 Project I (0-0-1)
- To develop the ideas about the programming concept using PLT.
- Implementing various programming techniques using C.
- To develop a small project about any reality-based system using programming language C.
Course Contents: 16 hours
The following are documentation guidelines to be given to each student along with an assignment that should cover most of the main topics given in the framework.
• Cover Page
• Executive summary
2. The Assignment project
3. Objective of Assignment project
4. Time Plan for the work assigned
5. Investigation of the problems
6. System Analysis
• Feasibility study
• Context Diagram
• Data Flow Diagram
7. System Design
• ER and implementation
• User interface
8. Program Specification
10. Flowchart or Decision tree of Decision Table or Structure English
11. Program coding
12. Input test Data
13. Program Testing
15. Computer (software and Hardware) requirement to run this program
16. Software Installation and operation procedures
17. Comments on the Assignment project if any (How did he/she find it? Time provided and resources along with the teacher’s guidance at required of the student or not. What improvement you would make if certain asked things provided to you?
18. Conclusion and recommendation
19. Users Manual
Each student should be given ample opportunity to use the computer system for the assigned project work. A sample format of project work could be given to the students before assigning the work.
The computer system must have the required necessary software packages and programs installed in order to accomplish the tasks assigned to them. The teacher could guide students during the development work assign to students. Generally, an individual project is more preferable because he/she can learn more about the project but project work can be done in a group (maximum of 5 persons in each group).
Note: All the information is collected from the document published by the BCA department of Pokhara University on its suggestions.