What is the adolescence period? Leading Characteristics of Adolescence- Adolescence Features

Definition of Adolescence

Adolescence is the most important stage of human life. Adolescence is a period of life in which boys and girls move from childhood to adulthood mentally, physically, emotionally, spiritually, and socially. Simply, speaking adolescence is 'to grow to maturity'. It is a time of psychological maturation; becoming "adult-like" in behavior. During this period, adolescents are expected to become capable of adult behavior and response. This period is a transitional period of human life when a boy or girl is no more a child nor is considered as an adult by others.

According to WHO, "adolescence is the age between 10 to 13 years". It is called a transitional period of life since the rapid change in physical, social, mental, emotional, and spiritual aspects takes place during this period. So, this period of life is also called the period of storm and stress.

The adolescent period can be classified into three stages.

Early adolescence stage (age between 10 to 13 years)

Middle adolescence stage (age between 14 to 16 years)

Late adolescence stage (age between 17 to 19 years)

From the onset of this period, the human reproductive system becomes active and eventually enters into maturity in terms of its functions. The first stage of adolescence is also considered as puberty.

Puberty is the time at which the onset of sexual maturity occurs and the reproductive organs become functional. This can be observed in both sexes by the appearance of secondary sexual characteristics like; deepening of voice in boys and growth of breast in girls and in girls by the start of menstruation. These changes are brought about by the start of menstruation. These changes are brought about by the increase in sex hormone activity due to stimulation of the Ovaries and Testes by the pituitary hormone. Generally, in girls: puberty falls around 11 to 13 years of age and in boys around 13 to 15 years. Rapid changes in physical, mental, emotional and social aspects is observed during the puberty period. Before having the first menstrual period, the pubescent girl will normally experience.

How to detect the adolescence period?

  • Breast enlargement
  • Pubic, armpit and leg hair growth
  • Clear or whitish vaginal secretion
  • Increase hip width
  • Accelerated growth, especially height
  • Increase shoulder
  • Growth of the penis and testicles
  • Voice changes
  • Nighttime ejaculation (nocturnal emissions: "wet dreams")

Top Characteristics of Adolescence

A. Adolescence is the Stage of Dilemma

This stage of life is also called the stage of a dilemma since they are in the middle of the road. Indeed, they cannot leave their childhood characteristics completely in one hand. On the other hand, they have not fully adopted the characteristics of adulthood. In this stage, they are confused themselves whether they are merely children or adults.

B. Adolescence is an Important Stage

There are rapid development in the physical, social and psychological aspects during this stage of life. Moreover, there is rapid development in sexually also. The characteristics of this stage remain for a long period. In other words, this stage creates a foundation for shaping personality in adulthood. So, this stage is considered as an important stage of life.

C. Adolescence is the Stage of Searching Identity

It is truly said that it is the stage of identity. Adolescents ate highly ambitious compared to the people of another age group. They are in search of dignity and identity in this period. They want that others should recognize their work and personality. Therefore, this stage is called the stage of identity.

D. Adolescence is the stage of Pre-adulthood

It is true that it is the stage of pre-adulthood. In this stage, they feel that they are now no more children. They show an adult's personality and choices. Hence, it is better to say that is the pre-adulthood stage.

E. Adolescence is the Stage of Daydream

In this stage, adolescents feel happy in a daydream. They are very often busy with abstract thoughts, which may not be possible in real life. They dream about being a doctor, engineer, heroes, and so on. They enjoy living a fantasy life. Therefore, this stage is called the stage of daydream.

F. Adolescence is the stage of Frustration

Adolescents are aggressive and over-ambitious during this stage. Sometimes, they also happen to commit unsocial activities. As a result, frustration and agony may give tension to them.

G. Adolescence is a problem creating stage

The adolescence of this stage is of experimental nature. Therefore, they want to experiment with every new thing. They are curious to commit even unsocial activities, which may create problems later on. Sometimes, their wrongdoings are not acceptable to society. So, it creates a problem to themselves and to the family also. In some conditions, it may create misunderstandings and disputes between adolescents and adults.

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